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Glyphis gangeticus 恆河露齒鯊

Scientific Name:    Glyphis gangeticus         
Nomenclater:    (Müller & Henle, 1839)
Family:    F029  Carcharhinidae
Holotype-Locality:    Hoogly, Ganges, India
Habitats:    Benthos、Estuary、Fresh Water、Coastal、Lagoon      
Economic Fish:     Yes
Habitats Depth:     - M      
Aquarium Fish:     No
Poisonous Fish:    No      
Edible Fish:     Yes
Synonyms:    Carcharhinus gangeticus, Carcharias gangeticus, Carcharias murrayi, Eulamia gangetica, Platypodon gangeticus  
Reference:    Compagno (1984); Shen et al. (1993)  Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 
Redlist Status:    IUCN Redlist: Critically Endangered(CR)  
Common Name in Engulish:    Ganges shark; Ground shark; Gangetic shark
Chinese Name transliteration:    heng he bai yan jiao, yin du lou chih sha, da sha
Distribution in Taiwan:    North East
Distribution in World:    India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean
Max Lenth:     204 cm
Specimen List:    
Characteristic:    A fairly stocky requiem shark with a broadly rounded short snout. Preoral snout much shorter than mouth width but with a rather long preorbital snout. Eyes small. First dorsal origin over rear ends of pectoral bases. Second dorsal fin about 1/2 height of 1st dorsal fin. Upper teeth with high, broad, serrated triangular cusps. Lower anterior teeth with long, hooked, protruding cusps. Interdorsal ridge absent. Upper precaudal pit longitudinal. Body with no conspicuous markings.
Habitats:    A poorly known freshwater riverine and possibly inshore marine and estuarine shark. Probably viviparous. Maximum size possibly to at least 204 cm.
Distribution    Indo-West Pacific including Hooghly River, Ganges system, West Bengal, India, Pakistan.
Utility:    Probably fished in the Ganges-Hooghly system, but details unknown.


Text and images are provided by The Fish Datebase of Taiwan (Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)