Search by Subject
Search by Institution
Edict Naming Liu Jui-fên as the Ambassador to France, Italy, and Belgium (敕諭劉瑞芬出使法義比三國)

Resource Identifier:

Resource Type:

In the Ch’ing dynasty, edicts (ch’ih-shu) were used to appoint officials to posts outside of the capital. In 1885, Liu Jui-fên was appointed as the ambassador to Russia and Great Britain. Two years later, he was re-assigned as ambassador to France, Italy, and Belgium. Liu protested against the mining of gold by Russia in Mo-ho and maintained alliances with Burma and Korea as tributary states in order to strengthen the boarder regions of the Ch’ing dynasty.

A.D.1887,ch'ing dynasty

Height 45.6,width 233.0cm



Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica

Digital Resources and Archived Images Application