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Hippocampus trimaculatus 三斑海馬

Scientific Name:     Hippocampus trimaculatus        
Nomenclater:     Leach, 1814
Family:     F295  Syngnathidae
Holotype-Locality:     Indian and Chinese Seas
Habitats:     Coral、Coastal      
Economic Fish:     Yes
Habitats Depth:     0 - 100 M      
Aquarium Fish:     Yes
Poisonous Fish:     No      
Edible Fish:     No
Synonyms:     Hippocampus dahli, Hippocampus kampylotrachelos, Hippocampus manadensis, Hippocampus mannulus, Hippocampus planifrons, Hippocampus takakurae   
Reference:     Shen, S. C. , S. C. Lee, K. T. Shao, H. C. Mao, C. H. Chen, C. C. Chen, C. S. Tzeng. 1993. Fishes of Taiwan. Dept. Zool., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei. xx + 960 pp., pls. 310. (in Chinese) Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2004. FishBase. World Wide Web ele  沈世傑 編 Shih-Chieh Shen ed. 1993 Kim, I.S. etc. 1995 Carpenter, K. E. etc. 1999 Nakabo T. 2002  文獻
Redlist Status:     IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU)   
Common Name in Engulish:     Three-spot seahorse; Three-spotted Seahorse; Flat-faced seahorse; Low-crowned seahorse; Longnose seahorse
Chinese Name transliteration:     san ban hai ma, hai ma
Distribution in Taiwan:     South、North East、PonFu、ShaoLiuChew
Distribution in World:     India Ocean to Pacific Ocean
Max Lenth:      17 cm
Specimen List:      ASIZP0055357. ASIZP0055358. ASIZP0055361. ASIZP0055764. ASIZP0059823. ASIZP0060786. ASIZP0061708. ASIZP0062928. ASIZP0063290. ASIZP0067199. ASIZP0068263. ASIZP0070556. ASIZP0071178. ASIZP0802090. ASIZP0804024. ASIZP0900156. ASIZP0912090. ASIZP0914024. MTP0014. NMMBP02729. NMMBP03363. NMMBP06101. NMMSTP00246. NMMSTP01553. NMNSF00803. NMNSF01017. NTMP0031. NTMP0115. NTMP0950. NTUM04217. NTUM06229. NTUM06247. NTUM06870.  Download 33 records Download 33 records
Characteristic:     Rings: 11+40-41 (38-43). Snout length: 2.2 (1.9-2.4) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 20 (18-22) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 17-18 (16-19). Coronet: very low, in line with arch of neck, visible as five tiny points. Spines: low and small to slightly raised. Other distinctive characters: very sharp hook-like cheek and eye spines; quite flat in appearance; narrow head; no nose spine. Color pattern: golden orange, sandy colored or totally black; may have large dark spots on the dorsolateral surface of the first, fourth and seventh trunk ring (less visible in dark specimens, and more common in males than females); some specimens "zebra striped" in brown and white.
Habitats:     Inhabits gravel or sand bottoms around shallow reefs; muddy estuaries and near mangroves, tolerating brackish water.
Distribution:     Distributed in the Indo-Pacific from southern India to Japan, Australia and Tahiti. It is a common species in Taiwan except eastern part.
Utility:     International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04).


Text and images are provided by The Fish Datebase of Taiwan (Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)