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Centrophorus squamosus 葉鱗尖鰭鮫


Scientific Name:    Centrophorus squamosus         
Nomenclater:    (Bonnaterre, 1788)
Family:    F035  Centrophoridae
Holotype-Locality:    Probably e. North Atlantic
Habitats:    Deep Sea、Coastal      
Economic Fish:     Yes
Habitats Depth:    145 - 3940 M      
Aquarium Fish:     No
Poisonous Fish:    No      
Edible Fish:     Yes
Synonyms:    Centrophorus foliaceus, Centrophorus nilsoni, Centroscymnus fuscus, Encheiridiodon hendersoni, Lepidorhinus hinbei, Lepidorhinus kinbei, Lepidorhinus squamosus, Lepidorphinus foliaceus, Machephilus dumerili, Squalus squamosus  
Reference:    Cadenat and Blache (1981); Compagno (1981, 1984); Li (2003); Hsu and Joung (2004)   Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 Compagno, L.J.V. 1984 朱元鼎, 孟慶聞 等編 2001 李柏鋒 2003 Hsu, H.-H. etc. 2004 
Redlist Status:    IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU)  
Common Name in Engulish:    Leafscale gulper shark
Chinese Name transliteration:    ye lin jian ci jiao, ye lin ci sha, ji sha, cih sha, sha yu
Distribution in Taiwan:    South、North East
Distribution in World:    global
Max Lenth:     160 cm
Specimen List:     ASIZP0062458. ASIZP0062463. ASIZP0062464. CAS214722. NMNSF00537. NMNSF00564.        
Characteristic    The snout is moderately long, broadly parabolic, and the preoral snout is almost equal to the mouth width but shorter than the distance from mouth to pectoral origins; the upper anterolateral teeth are with erect to semioblique cusps. The first dorsal fin is relatively low and long; the second dorsal is moderately large, as high or higher than the first with a base of about 2/3 in length of the first dorsal base, and the spine origin is about over the rear tips or inner margins of pelvic fins; the distance from the first dorsal insertion to the origin of second dorsal spine is about as long as the tip of the snout to pectoral midbases in adults. The free rear tips of pectoral fins form broad angles, not expanded into the elongated lobes and not reaching to the level of first dorsal spine, the inner margins are shorter than the distance from second dorsal spine to caudal origin. The caudal fin is with a shallowly concave postventral margin in adults. The lateral trunk denticles overlap one another, with slender pedicles elevating flat, leaflike crowns, a strong main cusp and 3 or more pairs of lateral cusps on their posterior edges in adults (lateral cusps increase from a pair in young species with denticle replacement upon growth).
Habitats    Found on or near the bottom of continental slopes; also found pelagically in the upper 1,250 m of water 4,000 m deep. Presumably feeds on fish and cephalopods. Ovoviviparous.
Distribution    Irregularly distributed in the Eastern Atlantic, Western Indian Ocean, and Western Pacific (Taiwan, Japan, Philippines, southeastern Australia, and New Zealand).
Utility    Utilized dried salted for human consumption and as fish meal.


Text and images are provided by The Fish Datebase of Taiwan (Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)

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