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Carcharodon carcharias 食人鯊

Scientific Name:    Carcharodon carcharias         
Nomenclater:    (Linnaeus, 1758)
Family:    F022  Lamnidae
Holotype-Locality:    Europe
Habitats:    Ocean、Deep Sea、Coastal      
Economic Fish:     Yes
Habitats Depth:    0 - 1280 M      
Aquarium Fish:     No
Poisonous Fish:    No      
Edible Fish:     Yes
Synonyms:    Carcharias atwoodi, Carcharias lamia, Carcharias maso, Carcharias rondeletti, Carcharias verus, Carcharias vorax, Carcharias vulgaris, Carcharodon albimors, Carcharodon capensis, Carcharodon rondeletii, Carcharodon smithi, Carcharodon smithii, Squalus carcharias, Squalus lamia, Squalus vulgaris  
Reference:    Whitley (1940); Fowler (1941); Bigelow & Schroeder (1948);Garrick & Schultz (1963); Limbaugh (1963); Stead (1963); Arnold (1971); Randall (1973); Wallett (1978); Compagno (2001) 
Redlist Status:    IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU)  
Common Name in Engulish:    Shark; White pointer; White death; White shark; Man-eater shark; Great white shark; Man eater; Maneater; Man-eater; Mango-taniwha; Mango-ururoa
Chinese Name transliteration:    shih ren jiao, shih ren sha, da bai sha
Distribution in Taiwan:    East、South、North East
Distribution in World:    global
Max Lenth:     720 cm
Specimen List:     FRIP00193.         
Characteristic:    Trunk fusiform and moderately slender to stout. Head shorter than trunk. Snout moderately long, pointed and conical, but not greatly elongated, flattened or bladelike. Gill openings large, extending onto dorsal surface of head, and all anterior to pectoral fin bases. Internal gill slits without gillrakers. Anterior and lateral teeth are narrow and awl or bladelike to broad, compressed and triangular. First dorsal fin large, high, erect and angular. Second dorsal and anal fin much smaller than 1st dorsal fin, and with pivoting bases. Pectoral fins long and narrow. Pelvic fins small, much smaller than 1st dorsal fin but larger than 2nd dorsal fin. Caudal fin lunate. Precaudal pits present, caudal peduncle strongly depressed and with strong keels.
Habitats:    This is a very active shark species. Its often occurs close inshore to the surfline and even penetrates shallow bays in continental coastal waters, but also prefers offshore continental islands. Ovoviviparous, a litter of 9 young was reported from Mediter
Distribution:    Western Atlantic from Newfoundland to Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, northern Gulf of Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. Eastern Atlantic from France to Mediterranean, Madeira, Canary Island, Senegal, Ghana, Zaire. Western Indian Ocean including South Africa, Seychel
Utility:    This species mostly taken as a bycatch of fisheries of other sharks and other fishes, by longlines, hook-and-line, fixed bottom gillnets, traps, herring weirs, trammel nets, harpoons, bottom and pelagic trawls, and purse seines. Utilized fresh, dried salt


Text and images are provided by The Fish Datebase of Taiwan (Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)