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Stegostoma fasciatum 大尾虎鯊


Scientific Name:    Stegostoma fasciatum
Nomenclater:    (Hermann, 1783)
Family:    F013  Stegostomatidae
Holotype-Locality:    Indonesia
Habitats:    Coral、Benthos、Estuary、Coastal      
Economic Fish:     Yes
Habitats Depth:    5 - 30 M      
Aquarium Fish:     Yes
Poisonous Fish:    No      
Edible Fish:     Yes
Synonyms:    Scyllia quinquecornuatum, Scyllium heptagonum, Squalus cirrosus, Squalus fasciatus, Squalus longicaudus, Squalus pantherinus, Squalus tigrinus, Squalus tygrinus, Squalus varius, Stegastoma fasciatum, Stegastoma varium, Stegostoma carinatum, Stegostoma fasciata, Stegostoma fasciaturn, Stegostoma fasciatus, Stegostoma tigrinum, Stegostoma tigrinum naucum, Stegostoma tigrinurn, Stegostoma tigrinus, Stegostoma varium  
Reference:    Garman (1913); Whitley (1940); Fowler (1941); Stead (1963); Chen (1963); Gohar & Mazhar (1964); Marshall (1965); Nakaya (1973); Masuda, Araga & Yoshino (1975); Compagno (2001)
Redlist Status:    IUCN Redlist: Vulnerable(VU)  
Common Name in Engulish:    Zebra shark; Variegated shark; Leopard shark
Chinese Name transliteration:    da wei hu jiao, bao wun sha, chang wei hu sha
Distribution in Taiwan:    South、North East  
Distribution in World:    India Ocean to West Pacific Ocean
Max Lenth:     235 cm
Specimen List:     ASIZP0054486. FRIP01072. FRIP21865.         
Characteristic:    Body elongated, compressed, caudal slightly less than 1/2 of total length in adult, more than 1/2 in young. A small transverse mouth in front of eyes. Snout very broad rounded or truncated. Eyes laterally situated on head, without subocular pockets. Two spinless dorsal fin, the 1st dorsal fin much larger than the 2nd dorsal fin and with its origin far forward on back. Pectoral large, its outer margin little less than length of head. Sides of the body with prominent ridges, but no strong lateral keels on the caudal peduncle. Young sharks are dark brown above, yellowish below, with vertical yellow stripes and spots breaking the dorsal coloration into dark saddles.
Habitats:    This is a tropical inshore shark, of the continental and insular shelves of the Indo-West Pacific, that is very common on coral reefs. Oviparous, size of maximum total length possibly 354 cm. Males mature between 147-183 cm, females between 169-233. Size 
Distribution:    Indo-West Pacific from south Africa and Red Sea to Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Thailand, Viet Nam, Kampuchea, the Philippines, China, Taiwan, Japan, Australia.
Utility:    This is a common shark in the indo-West Pacific, regularly taken in inshore fisheries in Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, and elsewhere where it occurs. It is usually caught in bottom trawls, gill-nets, and with longlines and other line gear.


Text and images are provided by The Fish Datebase of Taiwan (Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taiwan)